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For better or worse, FIFA does not stipulate an exact size for a soccer pitch. There is, in fact, a massive range of acceptable soccer pitch dimensions, from 5,000 square yards (4,050 square meters) all the way up to 13,000 square yards (10,800 square meters). While the range is smaller for professional clubs, there is still a variance that can create quite a home-field advantage.
Tottenham Hotspurs went undefeated at White Hart Lane last season, winning 21 and drawing two. The stadium was a fortress few could come close to penetrating. Now playing at Wembley Stadium while their new stadium is built, the Spurs are struggling mightily — mostly because of pitch size.
At White Hart Lane, Tottenham played on the second-smallest pitch in the Premier League. The field was 110 yards (100m) long and 73 yards (67m) wide. Now playing at Wembley, Tottenham’s home surface is 115 yards (105m) by 75 yards (69m).
While five yards of length and two yards of width may not seem like a huge difference, that’s an additional 595 square feet (545 square meters). That’s a lot of extra ground to cover.
— Sky Sports PL (@SkySportsPL) August 16, 2017
FIFA stipulates a soccer pitch must be between 100-130 yards (90-120m) long and 50-100 yards (45-90 meters) wide, as long as it is not square. For international matches the dimensions must be between 110-120 yards (100-110 meters) long and 70-80 yards (64-75m) wide — a range of 7,700 square yards (6,400 square meters) to 9,600 square yards (8,250 square meters). Most professional leagues follow similar standards; the English Premier League expects its clubs to have pitches as close to 114.8x74.4 yards (105x68 meters) as possible, unless the stadium is too small.
Tottenham’s White Hart Lane was one of the few stadiums that required a smaller pitch. Coach Mauricio Pochettino bemoaned this fact when he joined the club, but he and his team adapted, using a frenetic high press to take advantage of the smaller pitch.
The switch from one of the two smallest pitches in the league to what is now the largest pitch in the EPL is not something to take lightly. Spurs allowed 0.47 goals per match in home EPL matches last season, about half what they allowed in road games. Opponents attempted 10.3 shots (three on target) throughout the season but faced 6.9 shots (two on target) at home. Tottenham had the best defensive record last season but that advantage was cut in half away from home.
Last season Tottenham played five matches at Wembley, barely beating CSKA Moscow, losing to Monaco, Bayer Leverkusen and Chelsea and drawing 2-2 to KAA Gent, which eliminated Spurs from the Europa League.
Tottenham hasn’t had a great start at Wembley this season, losing to Chelsea while drawing Burnley and Swansea. Spurs did knock off Borussia Dortmund in the Champions League, but that had more to do with the space Dortmund goalie Roman Burki left at the near post than the extra space on the pitch.
— Sportdec (@SportdecApp) September 19, 2017
All but five EPL pitches are similar in soccer pitch dimensions to the Wembley pitch and Tottenham’s new stadium will be required to be similar. So Spurs may as well get used to the bigger pitch.